Wood fuel is one of the principal parts of biofuel. The most important parts of the forest biofuel are firewood and tree felling waste. Firewood is the part of tree stems which is unsuitable to processing (rots, bulges and other deficiencies). Felling waste is the part of wood, remaining after the felling of forest. Lithuania is covered by relatively large tracts of forest, forming more than a third of the overall territory of the country. Wood is a great alternative to imported fuel. Furthermore, wood is a renewable fuel, if used appropriately.
Peat is ideal for combining with other local types of fuel, such as wood and energy plants. Peat, as a local material, functions as a complementary type of fuel. Peat can compensate for the lack of wood and improve the qualitative parameters of the combustion process. A combined biofuel mixture of wood, energy plants and peat is also useful from the ecological point of view.
Lithuania, being a member state of the European Union, is committed to increasing the amount of energy extracted from renewable sources. The biggest source in this respect is firewood (wood chips) and wood felling waste. As the volume of energy generation goes up, the amount of wood products, suitable for burning, will not be sufficient eventually. Therefore, large boiler houses, in order to preserve constant quality of fuel, must be provided a fuel mixture with the addition of peat. Even smaller boiler houses require peat as complementary fuel during cold winter period.
Like wood, peat is a local material. This ensures its constant supply and quality. Furthermore, global practice shows that the prices of biofuel never experience such rapid and unpredictable changes as those of oil or natural gas. Enterprises of energy generation should take this important factor into account, when planning their activities.
Calorific value of fuel peat is approximately 10% higher than that of wood chips;
The difference in price between fuel peat and wood chips is not less than 20%, having a set price for each MWh generated (energy produced by using fuel peat is cheaper as compared to fuel wood);
Ash content of fuel peat produced by the Klasmann-Deilmann Group varies from 1.0% to max 6%. The average ash content is approx. 4-4.5 %;
We can guarantee prices and quantities for the period of 10-15 years, providing for safety measures for the percentage-based part (%) of the price, such as for instance fluctuations in the average price of diesel, changes in average wage, inflation rate. Advantage: demand for wood in the furniture industry, the Scandinavian countries, Germany, Poland, domestic market, etc. does not affect the price of lumpy fuel peat;
We can systematically supply fuel peat 12 months a year irrespective of weather conditions. Peat is transported from our fields by railway. Advantage: rainy autumn, mild winter, wet spring have no affect on peat transportation;
Fuel peat is harvested during summer and stored at the fields. Peat stacks are covered with film. Average moisture content of fuel peat is 40%. Advantage: in autumn, winter and spring seasons moist fuel peat can be easily mixed with dry fuel peat;
The Klasmann-Deilmann Group follows an internal stockpiling policy, e.g. at the end of every heating season not less than 25% of annual demand is stocked in reserve;
The Scandinavian experience shows that heating boiler requires less prevention and serves longer when using mixed biomass from fuel peat and wood.